روز 15 فروردین 90
One of the most famous books in the world is the Gutenberg Bible. As much as half a million dollars ………1……. For a single copy of it. it gets its name ……2…….Johann Gutenbrg is supported to have printed it. but ……3…….an early printer name Schoeffer printed it instead. Gutenberg is often called the inventor of printing. Most people, when they talk about the invention of printing, ……4…. Printing with ……5……type letters. But Gutenberg did not invent printing of this kind.
1. a. had paid b. has paid
c. had been paid d. has been paid
2. a. although b. however c. because d. whereas
3. a. probably b. firmly c. primarily d. powerfully
4. a. create b. mean c. provide d. attach
5. a. appropriate b. similar c. reflected d. separate
1. c. had been paid 2. c. because 3. a. probably
4. b. mean 5. d. separate
کنکور سال 89 رشته ی ریاضی
One of the reasons why human beings become such a successful and dominant species in the world is because of the ability we have to cooperate with each other, to work in groups. Groups may form a wide variety of purposes, some informal, such as a gathering of friends, others formal, such as a committee.
Formal groups often develop strict rules about procedure. A committee may appoint a chairperson, a secretary, and a treasurer. The group will have rules about how a meeting is to be conducted. After the meeting, a formal record of what happened will be made and distributed to members. Some groups of this sort, such as a commercial company, will have an order in which communication conforms to rule, a person may be given orders by someone above, and then pass orders down to someone below. People will communicate with those above them in the grading, those below them, and those on the same level as themselves.
Even in an informal group, communication is always more complicated than it is between two individuals. Some people feel every nervous when they are in a group; they might either keep quiet and say nothing at all, or else they may start speaking and never want to stop. To work well in a group, you have to learn to listen as well as to speak, and you must be prepared to change your mind, or to agree to cooperation with other people present. No group works well if its members are selfish and stubborn.
1. What is the best title for the passage?
a. Secrets of Social Life b. Formal and Informal Groups
c. Communication of Dominant Species d. Human Relations in Groups
2. The word “it” in paragraph 3 refers to …………….
a. formal group b. individual
c. communication d. informal group
3. The word “strict” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ………..
a. correct b. exact c. perfect d. private
4. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?
a. People should learn how to hold a meeting.
b. In companies, orders are given to people in a strict way.
c. In formal groups, people only communicate with those above them.
d. Members of formal groups cooperate with each other according to certain rules.
5. It can be understood from the passage that to communicate well in a group, you need to ……...
a. listen better than you speak
b. be open to ideas different from yours
c. learn how to make all members think like you
d. agree with all the selfish and stubborn members
1. b. Formal and Informal Groups
2. c. communication
3. b. exact
4. d. Members of formal groups cooperate with each other according to certain rules.
5. b. be open to ideas different from yours
Dialects develop when groups of people in the same geographical area have little contact. This can happen when people ……1……apart by economic, political, or social ……2……. Sometimes a group of people will ……3…….. emphasize the difference between their speech and that of other groups, because they want to have a “special language” of their own. Some people may feel that one ……4…. style, speaking is the “correct” way to talk, but they usually have in mind the ……5……. of more powerful groups in society. The speech of such a group is simply another dialect.
1. a. keep b. are kept
c. will keep d. will have been kept
2. a. ratings b. scenes c. conditions d. connections
3. a. properly b. physically
c. imperatively d. considerably
4. a. particular b. economical c. artificial d. populated
5. a. device b. speech c. sample d. statement
1. b. are kept 2. c. conditions 3. d. considerably 4. a. particular 5. b. speech