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آموزش زبان انگلیسی - کاربرد شکل فعل function OpenLD() { window.open('/links','blogfa_ld','status=yes,scrollbars=yes,toolbar=no,menubar=no,location=no ,width=500px,height=500px'); return true; }

آموزش زبان انگلیسی

سوالات نهایی و داخلی درس زبان انگلیسی دبیرستان

کاربرد شکل فعل

کاربرد شکل فعل

   اگر فعلی بعد از افعال کمکی will – would – can – could – must – have to – should – do(es) – did – had better – would rather واقع شود بشکل ساده یا بدون to مصدری نوشته میشود

 

1. students should study hard. (study)                             

2. Can you ……………….me with my English?(help)

3. You had better ………….what she wants.(see)             

4. I must ……………..out now(go)

5. I would rather ………….by bus than by train.(go)        

6. They couldn't ………English 3 years ago.(write)

اگر فعلی بعد از افعال حسی let – make – see – hear – feel – watch – notice واقع شود بشکل ساده یا بدون to مصدری نوشته میشود

1. It is against the law to make little children …………in coal mines.(work)   

2. Why didn't you let Sara ………………TV.(watch)

3. Let's ……………….you are in a foreign country. (think)           

4. Did you feel the earth ………………at 2:00 yesterday.(move)

          ( ing and without to )

1. I heard him ……………down the stairs.(go)               

2. They saw the boy ……………….the money.(take) 

         (without to and with to)

1. Can they help me ……………….my ring? (find)

         (passive form with to)

1. He was made ……………back the money. (pay)          

2.  She was heard …………..that she disagreed.(say)

    اگر فعلی بعد از افعال و عبارتهای زیر واقع شود بشکل ing دار نوشته میشود.

  (Use "ing" form of a verb after the following verbs )

admit – appreciate – avoid – consider – delay – deny – dislike – detest – endure – enjoy – escape – excuse – finish – imagine – involve – mind – resist – risk – stop - suggest – understand – can't help – can't stand  - look forward to – get used to – be used to – it is no use – it is no good – it is worth –

شکل صحیح افعال داخل پرانتزها را بنویسید

1. Some students never stop …… talking …..at class.(talk)   

2. Little children enjoy …………….in the park.(play)

3. Would you mind not ………………your shoes inside?(wear)  

4. She hasn't finished ……….lunch yet.(eat)

5. They denied ……………..the window.(break)              

6. you should avoid …………too much chocolate.(eat)

7. It is no use ……………you didn't know.(pretend)        

8. It was so funny that I couldn't help ………..(laugh)

8. I'm considering …………..to Tehran on holiday.(go)  

10. It isn't worth ………….the car. (repair)

11. The thief admitted ………….the money.(steal)           

12. Mary would appreciate ……………from you.(hear)

13. After the quarrel, she has avoided …………him.(meet)   

14. John has already considered …………….his studies.(continue)

15. He delayed ………….the letter until the last minute.(write)  

16. By some miracle, Ali escaped …………hurt in the fight.(be)

17. I can't imagine ………….the letters again.(type)          

18. Nowadays most of students resent …………..hard.(study)

19. The test will involve ……………… questions about a photograph.( answer)

 

بجای it میتوان عبارتی را که با فعل شروع شده را بصورت ingدار بکار برد.

(Use "ing" form of a verb instead of  "it".)

It is easy to learn English.

 (learning English is easy.) in modern English

در انگلیسی مدرن بطریق فوق نوشته میشود اما قبلا به طریق زیر نوشته می شد و حالادیگر بندرت بکار میرود

 (To learn English is easy. ) in older English

 

1. It was difficult to climb the tree.

( ………………………….………..was difficult.)

2. It is necessary to stand in line.  

( ……………………………………….is necessary.)

3. It is dangerous to drive on this road. 

( ……………………..………………….is dangerous.)

اگرفعلی بعداز حروف اضافه about – after -  for – from - before – on – in – at – with – without – by – … واقع شود بشکل ing دار نوشته میشود.

(Use "ing" form of a verb after prepositions )

1. He earned a lot of money by ……………….stories.(write)

2. How did the woman feel after …………………"Oliver Twist" on TV?( see)

3. Try and do the exercise without …………………any mistakes. (make)

4. He is talking about ………………to the country.(move)      

5. She is tired of ……………….so much homework.(write)

6. He is ashamed of …………….his bad mark in history to his father.(show)

اگر فعلی بعد از افعال advise – allow – ask – bear – beg – cause – expect – force – intend – invite – like – need – oblige – order – permit – persuade – plan – prefer – promise – request – tell – want – warn – wish واقع شود با to مصدری نوشته میشود(درس 4)

 

infinitive (with to) after verb   infinitive (with to) after verb(سال دوم)

 

نمونه هایی از کاربرد فعل دوم با شکل to   مصدری از سال دوم

1. She decided …………..a blue dress.(buy)                    

2. I hope ……………them next month.(see)

3. I'm trying ……………...French. (learn)                        

4. Is she planning ………….our country this year.(visit)

 

verb+ object + infinitive(سال سوم)

نمونه هایی از کاربرد فعل دوم با شکل to   مصدری از سال سوم ، اگر توجه کنید متوجه میشوید بغد از فعل اول اسم یا ضمیر مفعولی بکار رفته است.

1. They ordered us ……………….the ship.(destroy)        

2. Reza invited me …………lunch with them.(have)

3. I will allow John ………………on the TV.(turn)          

4. My mother will ask me ……………early. (return)

5. Teachers advise students ……………their homework carefully.(do)    

6. I expect them ……..very serious.(be)

 

infinitive (with to) after adjectives(سال سوم)

بعد از صفت ها ، فعل با شکل to   مصدری نوشته میشود به نمونه پاسخ داده شده توجه کنید

 

1. It is impossible ……to read……….a book in a dark room.(read)    

2. Is it hard ……………..the questions.(answer)

3. It is necessary …………….correctly.(speak)                  

4. It is important for us …………..good clothes.(wear)

(نمونه سوالات نهایی) بر اساس جمله های داده شده، جملات ناقص را کامل کنيد

1. I said to Mina, “Don’t put your shoes on the table.”(خرداد 84)  

I told Mina not to put her shoes on the table.

 

2. My mother said to me ,“Clean your shoes before going out.”(دی 84) 

My mother told me to clean my shoes before going out.

 

3.  Ali said to Reza, "Don't close the window of your room." (دی 86)  

Ali told Reza……………………………….

4. My father said to John, "Don't speak about your future plan."

My father asked  John …………………………………………

5. The teacher told me, "Draw a picture of a lion in your notebook."

The teacher told me ………………………………………………

6. I told Mina, "Don't shout at your brothers."

I told Mina ………………………………………………..

7. Mother told Ali, " Ride your bicycle more carefully."

Mother told Ali …………………………………………

8. The teacher told me, " Don't talk with your friends."

The teacher told me ………………………………..

(نمونه سوالات نهایی) پاسخ صحیح را از بین گزینه های داده شده انتخاب کنید

1. His mother asked him ……………………to borrow money from his friend.(دی 84)

 a. doesn’t try                    b. not to try                   c. not try                        d. don’t try

2. My son told me …………………. a story book for him. (دی83 )

 a. to buy            b. buy              c. bought        d. buying

3. I asked her ……………………..me with my English.(دی82)

 a. help            b. helped             c. helps              d. to help

4. The teacher told his students …………………..their time uselessly.(خرداد 81)

 a. not to spend          b. don’t spend        c. not spending               d. not spend

5. It is easy for him …………………..these words correctly. (دی86 )

a. pronounce       b. to pronounce        c. pronouncing        d. pronounces

6. It is necessary for the students …………..hard before the exam.

a. study           b. studying        c. to study         d. studied

7. It is easy for him ……………. A good supermarket in this town.

a. to find          b. find            c. finding           d. finds

8. It is impossible for Maryam …………..in Shiraz before Thursday.

a. arrives           b. to arrive        c. arriving        d. arrive

 

+ نوشته شده در  یکشنبه هشتم فروردین 1389ساعت 6:56  توسط اراز محمد الیاسیان  |